Garden of Eden
There are plants that grow well during the summer, utilizing the abundant sunlight available. Then there are those plants that grow well during the winter, finding the cold weather more comfortable. Greenhouses help maintain a stable temperature within its facility, whether it is in the middle of the summer or during freezing winters.
Plants that are subjected to abrupt changes in temperatures do not grow healthily. They are at a risk of losing their nutrients and even growing stunted. With greenhouses, you are providing a controlled environment for plants and herbs to not merely grow, but thrive. In fact, you can even add specific features to your greenhouse – such as ventilation systems – to keep conditions just the way you, or your plants, like them. This becomes essential for growing certain types of crops, herbs, flowers, or plants.
For example, you can start raising fruits like tomatoes. Yes, they are fruits. Science has helped settle the age-long debate about whether tomatoes belong in the fruit category or not.
By the way, if you ever want to prove to anyone that they are fruits, here is how: tomatoes grow in the ovaries present at the base of the flower and include the seeds of the plant inside them. These are typical characteristics of true fruits. Using this distinct feature, scientists placed the popular red berry in the fruit category. So yes, they are berries, too.
But I digress. Let us get back to raising tomatoes within a greenhouse and how they can survive any weather. You see, by growing tomatoes in a greenhouse during the summer, you allow them to mature. When these fruits mature, they have the right fortitude to survive the winter. This in turn helps them stay healthy during cold weather. The result? Delicious, sweet, and fresh tomatoes for your cooking.
Even during heavy rainfall, you do not have to worry about your plants or crops drowning The enclosed conditions of the greenhouse ensure that you can keep everything dry within it, making it perfect for when you want to garden or grow something during the rainy season.
Variety is Spice!
With the right conditions, there are a number of plants that you can grow in a greenhouse. Do you need some vegetables? Get your greenhouse ready for vegetables (and fruits) such as tomatoes, peppers, and even cucumbers (whether you are an emperor/empress who needs them daily or not). Are you interested in raising crops? Because you can work with options such as broccoli, lettuce, peas, and carrots.
From warm-seasoned crops to cold-season crops; from ornamentals to even tropical flowers, you can grow a plethora of plants right in your backyard!
You can use what you produce in your greenhouse to decorate your house or create your own garden. When you perfect your techniques, you can even sell your products at the local market. And if you do not want to grow your plants to sell them, that’s okay, too.
Maintaining a greenhouse is a joy-filled hobby (but more on that later). When it comes to cooking, you can focus on those ingredients that you use frequently. By growing these ingredients in your backyard, you save a lot on your trip to the local store.
In 2018, an army of worms, rats, and birds decimated nearly 17,000 hectares of crops in the east-African country of Tanzania. The damage was so severe that officials feared food shortage in various areas of the district.
You might think that such incidences are restricted to a certain country or region. However, around the world, pests are known to eradicate the produce of farmers and cause food problems.
When you are raising crops and plants, pests become a common enemy. From ants, to flies, wasps, aphids, and beetles, crops and plants might come under attack numerous times during the year. Each country in the world is home to numerous pests. However, some creatures are found abundantly in one region or country and less (and sometimes never) in another location.
For example, tobacco whiteflies are common pests in regions such as Asia, Africa, and Europe, but are not typically found in North America. However, fall armyworms are found in regions such as North and South American, Africa, and certain parts of Europe.
Regardless of where you are and what pest plagues your region, the crops and plants in your region face a threat from these creatures.
Using greenhouses, you are giving plants a safe place to grow and in turn, they reward you in many ways. While it is true that pests are capable of attacking greenhouses as well, you have a better chance of getting rid of them.
Don’t Bug Me!
You do not need pests to ruin plants. Even insects that are commonly found in practically every region on the planet can also cause a lot of harm.
Whether they are ants or houseflies, they are capable of causing much destruction to plants and crops. One of the ways that they can do this is by directly attacking the plants.
Another method is by causing harm indirectly. Insects can do this by spreading infections or diseases to the crops. These diseases can be viral, bacterial, or even fungal. By simply affecting a few crops, insects can ensure that the diseases spread to nearby plants, which in turn carry the infection further.
Wherever these insects cause damage, they often multiply and grow in the same area. This prevents farmers and gardeners from growing crops in that location again. Eventually, the insects and their offspring have to be dealt with (which is a painstakingly lengthy process) before growing any produce.
Greenhouses provide you a solution to the insect problem in the form of raised beds. You will learn more about these structures later, but essentially, they are containers that hold plants. In the event of an insect infestation, you can easily clean out the raised beds and plant crops again.
Greenhouses use sunlight, for the most part. This creates a natural lighting and heating system for the plants, which is in turn essential for the process known as photosynthesis. In this process, the plants convert carbon dioxide into essential nutrients using the light from the sun.
Furthermore, light is also involved in a process called transpiration. Think of this process as the way in which plants breathe, and it usually occurs during the early hours of the day. In this process, light enters tiny pores that are present on the surface of leaves and allows the plant to receive gases from the environment.
All of this is essential to keep your plants and crops healthy.
What makes using greenhouses beneficial is that by using natural light, you are reducing the reliance on electrically supplied lighting. When this happens, you are removing high consumption of energy from the equation. People have this notion that greenhouse tap into a lot of electricity for maintenance. This is not true, unless you personally choose to add certain features to the greenhouse that require power. While greenhouses do consume electricity, you can design yours in such a way that it minimizes electricity usage.
With greenhouses, you are mainly depending on what nature is already providing you in abundance.
Planting Some Zen in Your Life
You read that right. Greenhouses help you relieve stress and bring a sense of calm into your life. This might sound like a metaphysical or spiritual approach to looking at greenhouses. However, science has some answers for why you feel relaxed inside greenhouses.
According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information1, engaging with indoor plants has led to the reduction of not just psychological, but physiological stress. By conducting a simple experiment involving young adults, they noticed that participants of the experiment began to show feelings of comfort and calm after working with indoor plants.
What you experience in your environment through sight, sounds, and even touch affects your mood in many ways. In fact, studies have shown that by just looking at scenes of nature, you are reducing negative feelings within you.
In a greenhouse, you are not just looking at nature in your own backyard, but you are actually part of it. This has an even greater effect on your well-being and your health.
First, your stress lowers. This means that you are able to focus better on your life and other tasks. Nature has been known to calm anger, which in turn helps you control your emotions better. Being in nature has also been known to help people deal with negative states of mind, from fear to depression to sadness, by creating positive impressions on people’s emotions and mental state.