Temperature Control and Heating System Equipment
To control the temperature, you need to install an electronic controller in the garden. This control will monitor and manage the temperatures of the heating system and ventilation equipment.
Thermostats: If you have a small greenhouse garden, you can use thermostats that record accurate temperatures within the garden, and they automatically control the temperature in a specific area. Make sure it is installed based on the plant height as this will make it easy to capture accurate readings on temperature conditions.
Thermometer: A thermometer measures the maximum and minimum temperature inside the garden and monitors any temperature changes. It helps in maintaining perfect temperatures for the growth of plants.
When buying thermometer for the greenhouse, look for one that is reset by a magnet. Although there are other types, the one with a magnet is highly recommended for greenhouses.
Hot air furnace or unit heaters: The unit heater is suitable when the greenhouse is shutdown during the winter season to drain water system. Installing unit heaters is one of the best decisions you can make for your crop production, as they control the temperature inside the greenhouse.
There are different types of heaters and based on your garden needs, such as gas, electric, or propane. You can also choose to use vented on non-vented heaters.
EPDM tubing: Temperature control on the benches or floor is also important. You can place the EPDM tubing on the concrete floor or in a sand layer to provide floor heating. If you plant your crops on the benches, you can place the EPDM tubing on the bench or use a low output radiation pin, which you would place under the bench to keep the area warm.
Hot water boiler: A hot water boiler is the best for maintaining the heating system. Make sure the water temperatures don’t go beyond 75°F (24°C). The root zone heat provides the uniform temperatures of 70°F to 75°F (21°C to 24°C), which is essential for all plant growth. Root zone heat provides 25% of the heat needed for the coldest nights, while the remaining 75% heat comes from heat exchangers or a radiation pin installed under the gutters or around the perimeter of the greenhouse.
Humidistat: A humidistat equipment is needed to control moisture or humidity within the greenhouse.
In a large scale operation, you can easily integrate computer controls in the ventilation, lighting, and heating systems. Using computer-controlled systems ensures automatic control of environmental conditions within the greenhouse.
A proper ventilation system contributes to the growth of your plants. Sunlight changes throughout the year can cause temperature changes in the garden, so you need to have a good venting system installed to control the temperatures.
Vents: You can install vents on the roof or on the sides of the structure. Rooftop vents are the most common and one of the best venting systems.
If you’re not around throughout the day, an automatic venting system will be ideal for you.
Exhaust fans: You would use exhaust fans to whisk away excess air and ensure there is a constant supply of fresh air inside.
Water Management Equipment Irrigation Equipment
If you’re using plug trays with small cells for growing the crops, then you should have a programmed computer irrigation system to water different section of crops at different rates. Automating the watering system will make your work easier.
Customizing the watering system based on the individual needs of the crop bed ensures there is no overwatering or underwatering for each crop bed.
Plastic watering cans are highly recommended. They are cheap, lighter, and require less labor. However, if you want to maintain the beauty of the greenhouse, then you can use metal cans instead.
Another piece of equipment you can use is the trickle watering system. The trickle watering system uses a plastic horse with some outlet nozzles fitted at different intervals on the horse length.
You would place the horse pipes at proximity along the pots. Then, connect the horse to the water storage tank. You should fill the tanks with water consistently. Once full, it will release the water to all the crops.
The horse system will always water the pots and crop bed with a set water quantity and at the same time every day.
Other water equipment you will need in the garden include irrigation tubes, valves, water breakers, sprinklers, a hose, misters, and boilers. Boilers provide excellent temperature regulation.
Energy Conservation Equipment
Due to the high cost of fuel energy, coming up with energy conservation measures will help you reduce the cost of production. Some essential tools for energy conservation include perimeter insulation, energy screens or shades, and windbreakers.
Pest Control Equipment
Every greenhouse structure should have a pest control system. There are different methods you can use to control pests in the farm, some of which use chemicals while others use biological methods.
You can also use natural methods, like beneficial insects, to control pests.
Alternatively, you can use a metal, cloth, or thin plastic mesh to keep pests away from the garden. Fencing and use of door sweeps can also keep the bugs away from accessing specific planting sections.
Depending on which method to use, you can buy sprayers, fogging equipment, and formers.
You can also use insecticide and pesticide to protect vegetables and keep attacking bugs at bay.
Other Greenhouse Accessories
Although you may be considering using any of the available types of soil for potting the vegetables, you can also consider the use of soil fertilizers. There are various methods you can use to sterilize the soil, but the best method is using a steam sterilization system.
Installing a steam system is easy and cheap and ensures efficiency in your gardening.
The soil texture is an important factor you have to consider in the seedling stage. It is important to ensure that you use the best texture for your baby plants to survive. A sowing sieve will help you achieve your goal by providing you with the desired texture for the baby plants.
You can also use a mesh sieve, which lightly covers the seeds with a compost once you plant them.
Plant Supporting Equipment
Sometimes, to increase your plants’ strength and length, you can introduce the support equipment to provide adequate support to them as they grow. One way to provide support is by tying them together, so they can help hold each other up.
There are different materials you can use to tie the plants together, but you can try raffia, as it supports most of plants, and various stores sell it at a reasonable price.
To use raffia, you can soak it in water for a few hours before tying the plants with it. This practice helps avoid breakage and makes it stronger and more reliable.